Chlorine 36 dating and the blue stones of stonehenge
I doubt not, Stonehenge in Saxon signifies the hanging stones." Christopher Chippindale's Stonehenge Complete gives the derivation of the name Stonehenge as coming from the Old English words stān meaning "stone", and either hencg meaning "hinge" (because the stone lintels hinge on the upright stones) or hen(c)en meaning "hang" or "gallows" or "instrument of torture" (though elsewhere in his book, Chippindale cites the "suspended stones" etymology).Like Stonehenge's trilithons, medieval gallows consisted of two uprights with a lintel joining them, rather than the inverted L-shape more familiar today.The "henge" portion has given its name to a class of monuments known as henges.
A number of other previously overlooked stone or wooden structures and burial mounds may date as far back as 4000 BC.The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC.Radiocarbon dating suggests that the first bluestones were raised between 24 BC, It has been a legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument since 1882 when legislation to protect historic monuments was first successfully introduced in Britain.The pits may have contained standing timbers creating a timber circle, although there is no excavated evidence of them.A recent excavation has suggested that the Aubrey Holes may have originally been used to erect a bluestone circle.
The Oxford English Dictionary cites Ælfric's tenth-century glossary, in which henge-cliff is given the meaning "precipice", or stone, thus the stanenges or Stanheng "not far from Salisbury" recorded by eleventh-century writers are "supported stones".